Case Study Data Analysis Methods
Four Steps to Analyse Data from a Case Study Method
A case study is one of the many qualitative and quantitative methods that can be
... propose an approach to the analysis of case study data by logically linking ...
Case Study Data Analysis Methods
As a matter of fact, its quantitative counterpartclassical content analysisis repeatedly mentioned as a method of analyzing data in the context of conducting case study research (cf. Furthermore, due to the fact that qualitative content analysis first extracts the relevant parts of the (text) material and then analyzes them (cf. I am indebted to an anonymous reviewer whovery correctlypointed the following out to me this statement is formulated too strict not all units of analysis (depends on the sort of unit and the concrete technique) must be coded and inductive categories are not operationalizations of variables but it is true, that the interpretative but rule guided process of assigning categories to text portions is crucial for qualitative content analysis.
Thus, it draws on the degree to which the original data were representative of a larger population (ibid). He contended that the quantitative orientation neglected the particular quality of texts and that it was important to reconstruct contexts. To illustrate an approach to data analysis in qualitative case study methodology.
Finally, checking the findings with the case study participants can be a valuable part of the analysis and can enhance validity (hartley, 2004, p. Sociological explanations between micro and macro and the integration of qualitative and quantitative methods 43 paragraphs. Systematic, rule-based analysis the material is to be analyzed step by step, following rules of procedure, devising the material into content analytical units.
Einführung in die qualitative sozialforschung, eine anleitung zu qualitativem denken mostyn, barbara (1985). Figure 3 shows the steps of deductive category application. Since then mayrings works seem to have become standard literature on qualitative content analysis and some regularly appear in new editions (e.
This will help to refine the data collection plans with respect to both the content of the data and the procedures to be followed. Finally, those category definitions are put together within a coding agenda. Gläser and laudel (1999 2004) criticize that the closed, ex ante determined category system is only adapted to the empirical material in a first process cycle with only part of the textsa procedure they disqualify as methodologically arguable and technically too elaborate (p.
Therefore, case studies offer the opportunity for a holistic view of a process (patton & appelbaum, 2003, p. Especially the combination of qualitative methods and quantitative methods seems to be appropriate in order to gain deeper insight and a more general view of the object of research (cf. The procedures of qualitative content analysis seem less appropriate, if the research question is highly open-ended, explorative, variable and working with categories would be a restriction, or if a more holistic, not step-by-step ongoing of analysis is planned (mayring, 2000b, p. This is certainly a great advantage when dealing with various, heterogeneous types of data material. .
The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research ...
Jan 21, 2006 ... 5.2 Case study research and qualitative content analysis ... Moreover, qualitative
research methods have often faced acceptance problems and ... content analysis
into the important step of data analysis in case study research.
Case Study Data Analysis Methods
Qualitative case study data analysis: an example from practice. - NCBI
AIM: To illustrate an approach to data analysis in qualitative case study
methodology. ... REVIEW METHODS: Literature examining qualitative data
analysis was ...
Case Study Data Analysis Methods
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Analyzing Case Study Evidence - SAGE Publications
Lasswells model of mass communication, and later on also the news transmission model of shannon and weaver (titscher et al. This section provides a brief introduction to qualitative content analysis as a (text) analysis method for qualitative social research. They contend that coding forces the researcher to make judgments about the meanings of contiguous blocks and that coding is the heart and soul of (whole) text analysis (ibid. Last but not least, a further criterion is generalizability, which refers to the degree to which the findings are applicable to other populations or samples (ryan & bernard, 2000, p. Hence, qualitative content analysis might be an appropriate analysis and interpretation method for case study research.
Here the text can be structured according to content, form and scaling. This section explores and discusses the possibilities of applying qualitative content analysis as a (text) interpretation method in case study research and thus tries to find an answer to the research question initially posed (see section 2. Mayring (2003) additionally notes another quality criterion that has gained in significance recently (p. Empirisch begründete theoriebildung, zur logik und methodologie interpretativer sozialforschung kelle, udo (2001, february). As the author tried to demonstrate in section 4.
Berelson (1971) defined content analysis like this content analysis is a research technique for the objective, systematic, and quantitative description of the manifest content of communication (p. Besides it preserves the advantages of quantitative content analysis but at the same time apply a more qualitative text interpretation. Deductive category application works with previously formulated, theoretically derived aspects of analysis, which are brought into connection with the text. The presentation will focus on qualitative content analysis as it was developed by philipp mayring in germany (see section 4. Research interests knowledge management, international business, international marketing, consumer behavior, qualitative research methods, case study research kohlbacher, florian (2005). On the one hand, this definition puts forth the main points of what qualitative research is about, but it also demonstrates how it is positioned or tries to position itself in contrast to quantitative research. They turn the world into a series of representations, including field notes, interviews, conversations, photographs, recordings, and memos to the self. Especially the combination of qualitative methods and quantitative methods seems to be appropriate in order to gain deeper insight and a more general view of the object of research (cf. The first stage is the determination of the units of analysis, after which the dimensions of the structuring are established on some theoretical basis and the features of the system of categories are fixed. Going into greater detail, this process of mayrings qualitative content analysis can also be divided into nine different stages (mayring, 2003, pp.Introduction. The analysis of case study evidence is one of the least developed ....
specific techniques for analyzing case study data are reviewed. These strate-.
6 Methods of data collection and analysis - The Open Universitycommon methods and data analysis techniques for both quantitative and
qualitative research ... 1.1 Case study: Working Street Children in Karachi,
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In fact, the contribution of using qualitative content analysis in case study research will be demonstrated on the basis of the following points one of the strengths of qualitative content analysis is the way it tries to synthesize opennessas claimed by the qualitative research paradigmand theory-guided investigationusually demanded by the hypothetical-deductive paradigm. That is why gläser and laudel (1999, abstract) state that qualitative content analysis could be an interesting form of data analysis for projects that aim to start from theory and contribute to it. Theory-guided analysis also offers the chance to compare and complement the primary data collected within the research project with secondary data Buy now Case Study Data Analysis Methods
Since this paper only aims to serve as the starting point for a more thorough discussion of the application of qualitative content analysis for case study research, the scope is rather narrow. However, it is important to mention that gläser and laudel (1999) might have misunderstood mayrings qualitative content analysis as having to follow all procedures described by him. According to them, organizational dynamics and change are major areas of interest in organizational research, and only qualitative methods are sensitive enough to allow the detailed analysis of change, while quantitative methods are only able to assess that a change has occurred over time but cannot say how (what processes were involved) or why (in terms of circumstances and stakeholders) (cassell & symon, 1994, p Case Study Data Analysis Methods Buy now
In such a setting, a case study would be an one (ibid. Subject-reference instead of technique instead of merely being a set of techniques for text analysis, the connection to the concrete subject of analysis is a very important point for qualitative content analysis. These attempts share the conception that qualitative and quantitative methods should be viewed as complementary rather than as rival camps (jick, 1979, p. Both the dimensions of existing categories can be modified and new categories can be designed. In their bibliometric survey on the prominence of methods of text analysis, titscher et al.
Gillham, 2000 gomm, hammersley & foster, 2000 hamel, 1993 stake, 1995 yin, 2003a) Buy Case Study Data Analysis Methods at a discount
Case studies are widely used in organizational studies and across the social sciences, and there is some suggestion that the case study method is increasingly being used and with a growing confidence in the case study as a rigorous research strategy in its own right (cf. Finally an explicatory paraphrase is made of the particular portion of text and the explication is examined with reference to the total context. In fact, the ultimate goal of the case study is to uncover patterns, determine meanings, construct conclusions and build theory (patton & appelbaum, 2003, p. The research example used is a multiple case study that explored the role of the clinical skills laboratory in preparing students for the real world of practice Buy Online Case Study Data Analysis Methods
In fact, the contribution of using qualitative content analysis in case study research will be demonstrated on the basis of the following points one of the strengths of qualitative content analysis is the way it tries to synthesize opennessas claimed by the qualitative research paradigmand theory-guided investigationusually demanded by the hypothetical-deductive paradigm. It can certainly contribute to adding and enhancing rigor, validity and reliability of case study research. Mayring, 2001, -9 tashakkori & teddlie, 1998, pp. As a matter of fact, this notion of to argue in favor of an integration of qualitative and quantitative methods is not limited to content analysis but has been raised by many researchers (cf Buy Case Study Data Analysis Methods Online at a discount
Discussion each stage of the analysis framework is described with illustration from the research example for the purpose of highlighting the benefits of a systematic approach to handling large data sets from multiple sources. This is of course only a very superficial and over-simplified assumption of the distinction between quantitative and qualitative research methods. Subsequently, it will be helpful to consider whether the case study will be exploratory, descriptive or explanatory and a key decision to be made is whether the research will be based on a single case study or on multiple cases (hartley, 2004, p. Of course, case study research usually corresponds to such a comprehensive study Case Study Data Analysis Methods For Sale
Discussion each stage of the analysis framework is described with illustration from the research example for the purpose of highlighting the benefits of a systematic approach to handling large data sets from multiple sources. At this level, qualitative research involves an interpretive, naturalistic approach to the world. According to hartley (2004) research design is the argument for the logical steps which will be taken to link the research question(s) and issues to data collection, analysis and interpretation in a coherent way (p. Mayring, 2000a, 14) according to mayring (2000a, 15 2001, 15) the main idea here is to give explicit definitions, examples and coding rules for each deductive category, determining exactly under what circumstances a text passage can be coded with a category For Sale Case Study Data Analysis Methods
According to yin (2003a) there are six possible sources of evidence for case studies documents, archival records, interviews, direct observation, participant-observation, and physical artifacts (pp. Inclusion of quantitative steps of analysis quantitative analyses are especially important when trying to generalize results. The content analysis of qualitative research data a dynamic approach. The main idea in the development of mayrings approach is to preserve the advantages of quantitative content analysis as developed within communication science and to transfer and further develop them to qualitative-interpretative steps of analysis (mayring, 2000a, 2). Besides, an essential feature of theory building is comparison of the emergent concepts, theory or hypotheses with the extant literature because tying the emergent theory to existing literature enhances the internal validity, generalizability, and theoretical level of theory building from case study research (eisenhardt, 1989, pp Sale Case Study Data Analysis Methods
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