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The Case Study As A Research Method

Case study as a research method - psyking.net Case study as a research method - psyking.net
case study as a research method 2 investigate contemporary real-life phenomenon through detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions, and their relationships.

The Case Study As A Research Method

As discussed earlier, ensuring the alignment of philosophy and methodology with the research purpose and methods employed underpins a rigorous research process (stewart, 2014). Qualitative paradigms are broad and can encompass exploratory, explanatory, interpretive, or descriptive aims. Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed.

To put it simply, there is no unique, correct answer in the method usually involves three stages individual preparation, small group discussion, and large group or class discussion. Yins two-part definition (2014) focuses on the scope, process, and methodological characteristics of case study research, emphasizing the nature of inquiry as being empirical, and the importance of context to the case. According to george and bennett (2005) scholars have formalized case study methods more completely and linked them to underlying arguments in the philosophy of science (p.

He presented a structured process for undertaking case study research where formal propositions or theories guide the research process and are tested as part of the outcome, highlighting his realist approach to qualitative case study research. The researchers perceptions and interpretations become part of the research and as a result, a subjective and interpretive orientation flows throughout the inquiry (creswell, 2014). As the figure highlights, early case studies were conducted in the social sciences.

The ambiguity about case study being either or both a methodology and method, is compounded by the terminology used in discussions about case study. Developing research questions andor propositions to select the case, identify the focus, and refine the boundaries is recommended to effectively establish these elements in the research design (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). Exploring the philosophical orientation of case study research and variations in different case study approaches can help to clarify these differences, and promote a better understanding of how to apply these principles in practice.

A relativist or interpretivist perspective adopts the premises that multiple realities and meanings exist, which depend on and are co-created by the researcher (lincoln, lynham & guba, 2011 yin, 2014). Despite variation in the approaches of the different exponents of case study, there are characteristics common to all of them. We also explain how student performance is evaluated in a case study based course.

Interviews are the most common form of qualitative data collection, although merriam does not stipulate prioritizing a particular method for data collection or analysis, she does emphasize the importance of rigorous procedures to frame the research process. This evolution has resulted in a pragmatic, flexible research approach, capable of providing comprehensive in-depth understanding of a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines. Development of case study research in education, focused on the need to determine the impact of educational programs and provide relevant evidence for policy and practice decisions that supported social and educational change in the united kingdom and the united states (ibid. Usually, the greater your reliance on facts (rather than speculation or assumptions), the better the logic and persuasiveness of your arguments and the quality of your decisions. .


Case study - Wikipedia


In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions.

The Case Study As A Research Method

Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods ...
Recognized as one of the most cited methodology books in the social sciences, the Sixth Edition of Robert K. Yin′s bestselling text provides a complete portal to the world of case study research.
The Case Study As A Research Method Key contributors to the development of case study agree that the focus of a case study is the detailed inquiry of a unit of analysis as a bounded system (the case), over time, within its context. The instructor may ask a group of students to present their analysis and recommendations to the class. While some may argue that mixing qualitative and quantitative methods could threaten the veracity of the research (boblin et al. Qualitative paradigms are broad and can encompass exploratory, explanatory, interpretive, or descriptive aims. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. The researcher will often categorize qualitative data to create quantitative data that can then be analyzed using statistical methods.
  • Case Study Method - Case Studies - Icmrindia


    Grounded theory merged qualitative field study methods from the chicago school of sociology with quantitative methods of data analysis (johansson, 2003, p. An interpretative position views reality as multiple and subjective, based on meanings and understanding. Consequently, over the last 40 years, through the application of a variety of methodological approaches, case study research has undergone substantial development. Interviews and focus groups, observations, and exploring artifacts are most commonly employed to collect and generate data with triangulation of methods and data, however, this is not exclusive. As a result, some case study approaches are either quantitatively or qualitatively orientated while others encompass both qualitative and quantitative aims and methods (merriam, 2009 miles, huberman & saldana, 2014 yin, 2014).

    The goal of a postpositivist researcher is to use science as a way to apprehend the nature of reality while understanding that all measurement is imperfect. This ability to accommodate a range of philosophical positions is seen as an advantage whereby case study enables the opportunity to design research that can be specifically tailored to the inherent complexity of the research problem (anthony & jack, 2009 casey & houghton, 2010 flyvbjerg, 2011 farquhar, 2012 luck et al. The components of a situation analysis for a typical marketing case are given in exhibit 1. Using stakes qualitative case study approach to explore implementation of evidence-based practice. Cases are selected based on the research purpose and question, and for what they could reveal about the phenomenon or topic of interest.

    Case study, however, has a practical versatility in its agnostic approach whereby it is not assigned to a fixed ontological, epistemological or methodological position (rosenberg & yates, 2007, p. Such investigations were conducted in the natural setting of those experiences with results presented descriptively or as a narrative (merriam, 2009). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited in qualitative research. If a case has been assigned for discussion in the class, the student must prepare carefully and thoroughly for the case discussion. Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions. For example, yin (2014) discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used. Central to these variations is the underpinning ontological and epistemological orientations of those involved in the evolution of case study research. The role of the researcher in producing this knowledge is critical, and stake emphasizes the researchers interpretive role as essential in the process. Usually, the greater your reliance on facts (rather than speculation or assumptions), the better the logic and persuasiveness of your arguments and the quality of your decisions. Cases reflect the ambiguity and complexity that accompany most management issues.

    The Case Study / Case Studies Method is intended to provide students and Facultys with some basic information. This Case Study Method discuss what the student needs to do to prepare for a class / classroom, and what she can expect during the case discussion.

    A (VERY) BRIEF REFRESHER ON THE CASE STUDY METHOD

    CHAPTER 1. A (VERY) BRIEF REFRESHER ON THE CASE STUDY METHOD 5 different research methods, including the case study method, can be determined by the kind of research question that a study is trying to address (e.g., Shavelson
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    There are a number of definitions and descriptions presented across the literature, which can create confusion when attempting to understand case study research. Methods used in case study to facilitate achieving the aim of co-constructing data most often include observations, interviews, focus groups, document and artifact analysis (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 1995 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). For stake (2006), to understand the case requires experiencing the activity of the case as it occurs in its context and in its particular situation (p. This positioning reflects the axiology of postpositivism where maintaining intellectual honesty, managing bias, and acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous data collection and accurate reporting are critical elements in the conduct of research (killam, 2013 yin, 2014) Buy now The Case Study As A Research Method

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    In this article, we examine each of these issues in turn, with the aim of improving our understanding of case study research and clarifying the requisite tenets to consider when designing a case study. The role of the researcher in producing this knowledge is critical, and stake emphasizes the researchers interpretive role as essential in the process. Finally, we describe the benefits a student of management can expect to gain through the use of the case method. The researcher attempts to capture her or his interpreted reality of the case, while studying the case situationally enables an examination of the integrated system in which the case unfolds. Stake (1995) recommends vignettesepisodes of storytellingto illustrate aspects of the case and thick descriptions to convey findings, a further illustration of his constructivist and interpretivist approach to case study research The Case Study As A Research Method Buy now

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    Post-positivism is evident in how he defines case study as a form of empirical inquiry (p. Figure 1 the history and evolution of case study research (johansson, 2003, p. When a written analysis of a case is required, the student must ensure that the analysis is properly structured. Yin himself describes his approach to case study as using a realist perspective (p. Her research interests are primary health care, public health and health systems strengthening.

    Stake (1995) recommends vignettesepisodes of storytellingto illustrate aspects of the case and thick descriptions to convey findings, a further illustration of his constructivist and interpretivist approach to case study research Buy The Case Study As A Research Method at a discount

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    Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences of historical transformations in approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives, and interpretations of this design. Unlike traditional lecture-based teaching where student participation in the classroom is minimal, the case method is an active learning method, which requires participation and involvement from the student in the classroom. Postpositivist qualitative researchers conduct research that embraces the ideals of objectivity and the generalizability of results (ellingson, 2011) Buy Online The Case Study As A Research Method

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    Interviews are the most common form of qualitative data collection, although merriam does not stipulate prioritizing a particular method for data collection or analysis, she does emphasize the importance of rigorous procedures to frame the research process. Unlike lecture-based teaching, the case method requires intensive preparation by the students, before each class. An interpretative position views reality as multiple and subjective, based on meanings and understanding. Yins two-part definition (2014) focuses on the scope, process, and methodological characteristics of case study research, emphasizing the nature of inquiry as being empirical, and the importance of context to the case. Contemporary case study research is said to have its origins in qualitative approaches to research in the disciplines of anthropology, history, psychology, and sociology (merriam, 1998 simons, 2009 stewart, 2014) Buy The Case Study As A Research Method Online at a discount

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    They allow students to step into the shoes of decision-makers in real organizations, and deal with the issues managers face, with no risk to themselves or the organization involved. The most common definitions come from the work of yin (2014), stake (1995), and merriam (2009). Cases in other functional areas such as strategy can also be analyzed using similar frameworks. This evolution has resulted in a pragmatic, flexible research approach, capable of providing comprehensive in-depth understanding of a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research The Case Study As A Research Method For Sale

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    Merriam (2009) acknowledges case study research can use both quantitative and qualitative methods however, when working on qualitative case studies, methods aimed at generating inductive reasoning and interpretation rather than testing hypothesis take priority. Figure 1 the history and evolution of case study research (johansson, 2003, p. Developing research questions andor propositions to select the case, identify the focus, and refine the boundaries is recommended to effectively establish these elements in the research design (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). The goal of this alignment is to engender coherence between the researchers philosophical position, their research question, design, and methods to be used in the study (farquhar, 2012 luck et al For Sale The Case Study As A Research Method

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    In some cases, the instructor may adopt a particular view, and challenge the students to respond. For example, yin (2014) discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used. The dominance of research using experimental designs continued through the 1960s and 1970s with quantitative empirical results considered to be gold standard evidence. The first reading of the case can be a light one, to get a broad idea of the story. A further challenge to understanding case study research relates to it being referred to and used as both a methodology and a method.

    In the context of healthcare research and specifically nursing, luck et al Sale The Case Study As A Research Method

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